Education: How SDG 4 is Implemented in the World

The UNESCO, together with a team from the Global Education Monitoring Report, carried out a successful analysis about the way countries implement Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 4. This particular goal seeks to “ensure inclusive, equitable and quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for everyone”.

The report observes that most of the countries do not distinguish the goal of general political frameworks, since it influences education plans and policies. Rather, this goal is used as an impulse to carry out political reforms and to engage internationally.

As a result, the report proposes a different way to monitor the fulfillment of the goal. In this proposed way, progress is analyzed through quantitative and qualitative indicators, focused on six transformations that countries must adopt as a framework to be taken into account. The transformations include:

  • The road to equity and inclusion beyond the averages;
  • The path to quality and learning beyond access;
  • The path to adequate content for sustainable development beyond the basics;
  • The path to lifelong learning beyond schooling;
  • The road to intersectoral cooperation beyond education;
  • The road to regional and global cooperation beyond countries.

Since 2015, countries have successfully demonstrated how they incorporate different initiatives for equity, quality and educational relevance. However, even though the path has been identified, structural changes and greater mobilization are needed to achieve the ambitious objectives of goal number 4.

The full report can be found at