In September of 2015, the United Nations began session number 70 with a call for an end to conflicts that affect the world and gave footing to the approval of the new Agenda for Global Development 2015-2030. The same points in this plan of action are in favor of the people, the planet and prosperity. It also has the intention to strengthen universal peace and the access to justice. Toward the end of the meeting and before the 196 states’ members, they confirmed the 17 Sustainable Development Goals that make up the agenda.
The Sustainable Development Goals are, at least in part, the continuation of the Millennium Development Goals. The Millennium Development Goals are eight human development purposes set in the year 2000 that, the then 189 member countries of the UN, agreed to follow until the year 2015. In order to give continuity to these objectives already established and to carry out the necessary modifications, the UN and the current 196 member states passed the Agenda for the Sustainable Development Goals that will govern until 2030.
Among the main themes that address these new objectives are the eradication of poverty and hunger, the improvement of health and education, the construction of more sustainable cities, the fight against climate change and the protection of the forests and oceans.
Although the Agenda implies a common and universal compromise about how each country should act, “the states have full sovereignty over their wealth, resources and economic activity, and each set their own national goals pertaining to the Sustainable Development Goals,” specifies the text adopted by the General Assembly.
The new strategy will govern the global development programs. By adopting it, the States pledged to mobilize the resources necessary for its implementation through partnerships, focusing especially on the needs of the poorest and most vulnerable.